Unraveling the Different Types of Corporations: Comprehensive Guide to Understanding Corporate Structures

With the myriad of business structures available today, getting a clear understanding of the types of corporations is essential. This exhaustive guide is curated to shed light on the different corporate structures, their elements, tax implications, legal structures, and the benefits they provide.

Understanding Corporations

A corporation is a legal entity separate from its owners, established under law, which gives it rights and liabilities distinct from those of its owners. It stands as an independent entity that can sue, be sued, hire employees, own assets and pay taxes.

Types of Corporations

C Corporation

Commonly referred to as a C corp, this is the standard corporation under IRS rules. C corps are separate legal entities that can make profits, pay taxes, and distribute dividends to shareholders. C corporations offer unlimited growth potential through the sale of stocks and are excellent options for medium to large businesses looking to go public.

S Corporation

An S corporation or S corp is a special type of corporation created through an IRS tax election. They permit profits, and some losses, to be passed directly to owners’ personal income without facing corporate tax rates. S corporations are great for small to mid-sized businesses that want to avoid double taxation.

Non-profit Corporation

A non-profit corporation is a legal entity that operates for purposes other than making a profit. This corporation is charitable, educational, scientific, or religious in nature. Not-for-profit corporations enjoy tax-exempt status, hence do not pay income tax on the money they earn from their charitable, educational, or religious activities.

Close Corporation

A close corporation is a company whose shares are held by a select few individuals who are closely related, for instance, family members. With this type of corporation, stock isn’t openly traded, and shareholders are actively involved in the operation of the business.

Professional Corporation

Professional corporations or PCs are composed of individuals who provide professional services, such as lawyers, doctors, architects, or accountants. This type of corporation offers limited liability protection but doesn’t shield professionals from malpractice claims.

Benefits of Incorporation

Benefits bestowed upon you by establishing a corporation encompass asset protection, credibility, brand protection, perpetual existence, tax benefits, and easier access to capital. These benefits are crucial for any business, be it small, medium or large.

Choosing the Right Type of Corporation

Understanding the needs of your business, including growth possibilities, tax implications, and legal complexity, is fundamental in selecting the appropriate type of corporation. It is always recommended to seek independent legal and financial advice to ensure your selection aligns with your vision and objectives.


Understanding the types of corporations and their nuances not only benefits existing businesses but also aspiring entrepreneurs who aim to start and run successful corporations. This guide has provided comprehensive insights into corporate types, enabling you to make an informed decision about the corporate structure that best suits your business needs.

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